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"12th Tennessee" - by Don Troiani

Signed & Numbered Limited Edition Print

Image size: 8 1/2" x 11"

Edition size: 500 S/N

Issue price: $75 (when print is sold out it will only be available on the secondary market at usually a much higher price - if this happens, call for price and availability 800-237-6077 we usually have a large in stock inventory of secondary market prints )

12th Tennessee Regiment

In several photographs of Tennessee soldiers, a frock coat of similar style and cut is often seen. The coat is described as an eight or nine button single breasted frock with a distinctive pointed cuff and three buttons. The coats are constructed of several different colored fabrics and facings. A dark-blue gray, gray satinnette or jeans cloth, and both dark and light colored facings, light blue, black or red, are visible on soldiers from the 6th, 12th, 22nd, 29th, 31st, 55th, and 3rd Tennessee Battalions. A description from Columbus seen in the New York Herald on October 30, 1861, said of the Confederate soldiers that "half were uniformed . . . while balance had an Army cap, coat, pants with a stripe or military mark of some kind, and the rest simply some ordinary [civilian] costume." On August 31, 1861, an article in the Nashville Union and American stated that the Quartermaster Department was making 2,000 garments per day and had on hand 14,000 suits of clothing. In Memphis, a similar manufacturing depot employed 300 women making up piece work clothing for the Tennessee soldiers. The Tennessee State and Financial Board had purchased in April and May of 1861 some 30,000 yards of gray satinette material, 25,000 yards of mixed red, gray and blue flannel cloth, Kentucky jeans, 25,000 yards of red flannel, and metal coat buttons to provide uniforms for the Tennessee Volunteers. Ads were run in the Nashville papers for "six or eight practical tailors to cut volunteer uniforms by pattern." In September of 1861, the operations and supplies of the Tennessee State Quartermaster Department were transferred to the Confederate Government. Besides Tennessee soldiers, the Memphis and Nashville Depots were to also supply clothing to the troops from Kentucky, Missouri and Arkansas. Nashville, by the fall of 1861, according to one contemporary writer, "attained a degree of importance never before enjoyed", as a supply center for the Confederate Armies in the Western Department No. 2, and those in far away Virginia. Nashville was evacuated in February of 1862, following the battle and capture of Fort Donelson. Some five million dollars of much needed quartermaster goods were abandoned or destroyed in what has been named the "Nashville Panic". It appears that the Tennessee pattern frock coat was also lost to the enemy. The less expensive jacket would become the item of clothing manufactured and issued to the soldiers of the Confederacy. The 12th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, the majority of its companies recruited in Gibson County, was organized into State service on June 3, 1861, at Jackson, Tennessee. In September, the Regiment was ordered to Columbus, Kentucky on the Mississippi river as part of the garrison. Surviving quartermaster documents for the 12th Tennessee show that substantial amounts of clothing were issued during the months of October and November, 1861. Overcoats, both flannel and cotton shirts, socks, blankets, and boots and shoes were received, as well as pants, hats, caps, and "coats". In Company K, Captain Aaron w. Cannon received on 16 October 1861 at Columbus, Kentucky, 3 hats, 26 coats, 10 caps, and 60 pants. In Company F, Captain Joseph A. Knox received on 16 October 1861, at Columbus, Kentucky, 1 hat, 31 coats, 20 caps, and 63 pants. In Company H, Captain B.H. Sanderford received on 26 October 1861 at Columbus, Kentucky, 8 coats, 2 hats, 18 caps, and 74 pants. In Company D, Captain E.H. Williams received on 16 October 1861 at Columbus, Kentucky, 10 caps, 12 coats, and 60 pants. In Company C, Major J.M. Wyatt received on 16 October 1861 at Columbus, Kentucky, 6 caps, 25 coats, and 64 pants. Consolidated with the 22nd Tennessee Infantry in June, 1862, and with the 47th Tennessee Infantry in October, 1862, the Regiment's proud history began with the Battle of Belmont, where they, along with the rest of Colonel Robert Russell's brigade bore the first shock of the Federal attack. Battle honors include some of the bloodiest fighting of the War - Shiloh, Richmond (Kentucky), and Murfreesboro, where the 12th suffered 164 casualties out of 322 engaged, for a staggering 50% casualty rate. The 12th Tennessee would serve on in the Western theater of the War until paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina in May of 1865. At the surrender, there remained only a total of 50 officers and men of the consolidated 12th, 22nd, and 47th Tennessee Regiments.


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